The Ssese Island are an archipelago of eight four (84) islands in the north-western part of Lake Victoria. The islands are coterminous with the Kalangala district in southern Central Uganda which does not have any territory on mainland Uganda.
The Ssese islands are inhabited by the Bantu speaking Bassese tribe, closely related to the Baganda and the Basoga and speaking and a similar though distinct language. Prior to the arrival of Europeans, the islands were one of the most important spiritual centers of the region about forty three (50%) of the island are inhabited. The islands vary in size from less than 10,000 square metres (2.5 acres) to over 40 kilometres (25m) in length for the largest island which is Bugala Island.
The most outstanding economic activities on the Ssese Island is fishing, livestock keeping, timber production, agriculture, charcoal production and oil production by BIDCO Uganda.
The Islands are also home to a variety of animals including primates which are not easily accessible on the mainland. This has led to the evolution of a nascent but growing tourism industry on the islands infrastructure is still rudimentary but is slowly improving.