Murchison Falls National Park
Murchison Falls Protected Area (MFPA) comprises of Murchison Falls National Park (MFNP), Bugungu and Karuma Wildlife Reserves. Murchison Falls National Park derives its name from the Murchison Falls where the mighty River Nile explodes through a narrow gorge and flows down to become a placid river whose tanks are thronged with hippos, crocodiles, waterbucks and buffaloes. The vegetation is characterized by savannah, riverine forest and woodland. Wildlife includes lions, leopards, elephants, giraffes, buffaloes, hartebeests, oribis, Uganda kobs, chimpanzees and many bird species including the rare shoebill.
Facts about the Conservation Area
* Mean temperature: high 29°C low 21°C.
* Dry seasons: mid-December to mid-February, June and July.
* Wettest months: April and November.
* Altitude: 619m at the delta and 1,292m at Rabongo hill.
* Total area of MFPA: 5025km2, (MFNP 3,877sqkm, Bugungu Wildlife Reserve 473sqkm, Karuma Wildlife Reserve 675sqkm).
* Wildlife: 76 mammal species and 450 bird species.