It is East at the border of Uganda and Kenya. This park was named after the 2nd highest mountain in Uganda; Mt Elgon. Today this mountain stands as an extinct volcano at a height of 4,321 kilometers above sea-level. This mountain is said to have one of the largest surface areas of any extinct volcano in the world and is peppered with cliffs, cave, gorges and water falls. The Calderas covers some 40 square kilometers at the top of the mountain. And the sipi falls at the foothills of the mountain happens to be the most beautiful and romantic waterfall in the country.
The largest volcanic base of the world at 4,000 square kilometers, also the oldest and largest solitary, volcanic mountain in East Africa. Its vast form, 80km in diameter , rises more than 3,000m above the surrounding plains. The mountain’s cool heights offer respite from the hot plains below, with the higher altitudes providing a refuge for flora and fauna.
Although this park lies in Uganda & Kenya, the Wagagai peak, its highest point is in Uganda and this mountain is best hiked from Uganda. The Mt Elgon area is a vital watershed with its fertile slopes supporting a wealth of vegetation zones of different altitudes varying from open moorland dotted with large worldly lobelia & groundsel plants to montane forests. The mountain offers beautiful natural scenery that majorly attracts hikers onto this remote and unchallenging mountain.
The Sipi Falls, the gorges and the Crater rims or Calderas are among the natural attractions here. In the park you will view waterbucks, bush pigs, elephants, Bushbucks, buffalos duikers, small antelopes, leopards, forest monkeys and tree hyrax. There are approximately 300 bird species with most of them unique only to Uganda including the endangered lammergeyer.
In the adjacent communities you will tour the old cave paintings close to the pathway at Budadiri, and the stunning hot springs and caves in the terraced crater with coffee plantations and numerous bamboo forests. The local natives have impressive cultures, especially those of the Gishu tribe when carrying out their circumcision ceremonies-the Imbalu.
The higher slopes are protected by national parks in Uganda and Kenya, creating an extensive trans-boundary conservation area which has been declared a UNESCO Man & Biosphere Reserve.
A climb on Mt. Elgon’s deserted moorlands unveils a magnificent and uncluttered wilderness without the summit-oriented approach common to many mountains: the ultimate goal on reaching the top of Mt. Elgon is not the final ascent to the 4321m Wagagai Peak, but the descent into the vast 40km² caldera spreads its colorful petals.