Lake Nakuru National Park is 188 square kilometers was created in 1961 around L.Nakuru near Nakuru town 160 kms north west of Nairobi town.
It is best known for its thousands and sometimes millions of flamingos nesting along the shores. The surface of the shallow lake is often hardly recognisable due to the continually shifting mas of pink.
The number of flamingos on the lake varies with water and food conditions.
The park has recently been enlarged partly to provide the sanctuary for black rhino making a fence to restrict poachers rather than control wildlife movements. With 25 Rhinceros the highest concentration in Kenya. So the chances of spotting these survivors are good. Rothschild’s giraffes were translocated here for safety from western Kenya in 1977. Waterbucks are common. There is also lion and leopard. Large sized pythons in the dnse woodlands can be seen crossing the roads or dangling in trees.
L. Nakuru is small (5 to 45 square kilometres) shallow alkaline lake on the southern edge of Nakuru town. It can therefore be visited in a day tour from the capital Nairobi or more likely circuit taking in the Masai Mara or L. Baringo and east to Samburu National Reserve.
The lake is world famous as the location of greatest birds spectacle on earth.
Myraids of Fuchsia pink flamingos whose number are often more than a million or even two million. They feed on the abundant algae, which thrives in the warm waters. Scientists reckon that the flamingo population at Nakuru consumes about 250,000 kilos of algae per hectare of surface area per year.
There are two flamingo species there, the greater and lesser flamingo.The lesser flamingo can be distinguished by its deep red carmine bill and pink plumage unlike the greater which has a bill with black tip.Lesser flamingos are the ones commonly in pictures in documentaries because they are large in number.
The flamingos feed on algae, created from their droppings mixing in the warm alkaline water and plankton.
But Flamingo are not the only avail attraction also present are two large fish eating birds. Pelicans and Comorants. Despite the tepid and alkaline waters, a diminutive fish, Tilapia grahami has flourished after being introduced in the early 1960s. The lake is rich in other birdlife. There are over 400 resident species on the lake and in the surrounding park. Thousands of both little grebes and white winged black terns are frequently seen as are stilts, avocets, ducks, and in the European winter the migrant waders. Also there are a bunch of Zebra.